In this thesis, the thesis writer is curious to know the ways Mr. Gradgrind
reflects his philosophy of life through his appearance, environment, children and
students and the ways Sissy reflects her philosophy of life through his appearance,
environments and family as seen in Charles Dickens? Hard Times. The scope of this
thesis is on the ways Mr. Gradgrind and Sissy reflect their philosophy in their lives.
The thesis writer limits her analysis on Mr. Gradgrind and Sissy and also some other
characters only in relation to them. In order to analyze and support the analysis, the
thesis writer uses the literary approach namely the theories of characterization and
conflict and also the concept of the philosophy of life. The analysis is done firstly by
studying the ways Mr. Gradgrind reflects his philosophy of facts and then Sissy?s
ways that reflects her philosophy of fancy. By analyzing their different philosophies,
it is possible for the thesis writer to go further on analyzing the reflection of their
philosophy of life externally and internally. In the conclusion, the thesis writer finds
out that the external reflection of Mr. Gradgrind?s philosophy of facts is negative or
destructive. It makes his and his children?s and also his students? life miserable.
Meanwhile, Sissy is able to make her and the people?s life around her live happily.
She knows that to be able to enjoy life facts need to be balanced with fancy. Without
imagination and feelings, especially love, life would be unbearable.
(87-004) Sarah Limuil
(88-011) Ester Harijanti Kuntjara
Universitas Kristen Petra
Year : 2005
1. ENGLISH FICTION-19TH CENTURY-STUDY AND TEACHING
2. DICKENS, CHARLES, 1812-1870. HARD TIMES-STUDY AND TEACHING
philosophy of life, facts, fancy, reflection
s1 - Skripsi/Undergraduate Thesis (Program Studi Sastra Inggris S-1)
Undergraduate Thesis No. 01011425/ING/2005; Eldarosaria (11400148)
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